Disability employment gap

Publisher: 
Parliament
Topics: 
Disability, Disability employment gap, Work and Pensions Committee
Year of Publication: 
2016
Type: 
Report

The Work and Pensions Select Committee has launched an inquiry into the Government’s commitment to halve the "disability employment gap" – the difference in employment rates between disabled and non-disabled people. The inquiry will assesses the scale of the challenge and the likely effectiveness of the Government’s employment support and benefit policies in achieving this goal.

Publisher: 
Charities
Topics: 
Disability employment gap, Job retention
Year of Publication: 
2020
Type: 
Research

This report, from Citizens Advice Bureau, sets out evidence on three key areas of employment rights in the redundancy process: fair redundancy processes, automatically unfair reasons for redundancy, and discrimination.

The report found that 1 in 6 (17%) of the working population are facing redundancy. But the findings also show this crisis is being faced unequally:

  • 1 in 4 disabled people (27%) are facing redundancy, rising to 37% for those people whose disability has a substantial impact on their activities
  • 1 in 2 people who are extremely clinically vulnerable to coronavirus (48%) are facing redundancy
  • 2 in 5 people with caring responsibilities (39%), either for children or vulnerable adults, are facing redundancy
  • 3 in 10 people with children under 18 (31%) are facing redundancy, compared to less than 1 in 10 (7%) of those who don’t have children under 18.

The Centre for Social Justice has published a new report, Commissioning Excellence in Disability , that examines DWP's nationally contracted disability employment provision. 

The report is critical of performance over recent years and highlights some of the problem areas including commissioning processes, funding models and supply chain management. It suggests ways of making better use of the expertise within the voluntary sector and makes a series of recommendations.

Publisher: 
Policy & research organisations
Topics: 
DWP, Disability employment gap, Commissioning
Year of Publication: 
2020
Type: 
Report

This report, from the Centre for Social Justice, assesses DWP's nationally contracted disability employment provision. The report is critical of performance over recent years and highlights some of the problem areas including commissioning processes, funding models and supply chain management. It suggests ways of making better use of the expertise within the voluntary sector and makes a series of recommendations.

Public Health England has issued updated statistics for the Public Health Outcomes Framework. They should that the disability employment gap for people with a learning disability and people in contact with secondary mental health services stands at almost 70% across England. The gap has increased by nearly 7% over the last 7 years.

Publisher: 
Policy & research organisations
Topics: 
Disability employment gap
Year of Publication: 
2019
Type: 
Research

This report from the International Labour Organisation (ILO) looks at the use of employment quotas in improving employment outcomes for disabled people.

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) has published its latest report into Disability pay gaps in the UK: 2018 which has found that in 2018 the median pay for non-disabled workers was £12.11 an hour, against £10.63 for disabled workers.

Disabled employees with a mental impairment had the largest pay gap at 18.6%, while for those with a physical impairment the pay gap was 9.7% and those with other impairments had the narrowest gap, at 7.4%. Around a quarter of the difference in mean pay can be accounted for by factors such as occupation and qualification.

Statistical information has been published for the 2018-19 employment rates in England for people with a learning disability and for people using secondary mental health services. They show a mixed picture. Employment rates for people with a learning disability have been on a downward trend year on year [Indicator 1E] and now stand at 5.9%.

The London School of Economics has published a report by Liz Sayce that addresses the question of whether there is a set of policy levers that could, together, encourage employers to improve disabled people’s employment and pay. It also considers how proposals could be framed and pursued, to enable people to unite to achieve them.

The Switching Focus report includes recommendations covering:

Publisher: 
Policy & research organisations
Topics: 
Disability employment gap, Mental health, Health & Wellbeing
Year of Publication: 
2017
Type: 
Report

The TUC has published a report, Mental Health and Employment, that estimates that only 1 in 4 (26.2%) people with a mental illness or phobia lasting for 12 months or more are in work.

The report contains new analysis of official employment statistics, which finds that while 4 in 5 (80.4%) non-disabled people are in work, people with mental illness, anxiety or depression have substantially lower employment rates:

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