Employment Rates for People with Disabilities 2019/20

Employment Rates for People with Disabilities 2019/20

Only 5.6% of people with a learning disability are in work

The latest statistical information we have for England is for 2019-20. Employment rates have been on a downward trend year on year for adults with a learning disability [Indicator 1E]. The latest figures for 2019-20 show another drop after a brief upturn in 2017-18. 

In 2019-20, 5.6% of adults with learning disabilities aged 18-64 and known to Councils with Adult Social Services Responsibilities (CASSRs) were in paid employment [Indicator 1E].

The gender breakdown is male 6.2%, female 4.8%. Rates varied from 7% in London to 3.6% in the East Midlands.

Rates vary widely between local authorities and a spreadsheet of the disaggregated rates is available for download below. Hounslow has the highest rates at 26.8% though there is increasing concern about the reliability of these figures because of the complex definition. Five local authorities have employment rates of less than 1%.

The definition for Indicator 1E was changed in 2015-16 and now only includes those adults with learning disabilities included in the SALT returns as receiving long-term support because of their learning disability.

The equivalent overall figure for previous years is:

  • 2018-19: 5.9% (Male: 6.4%, Female: 5.2%)
  • 2017-18: 6.0% (Male: 6.6%, Female: 5.2%)
  • 2016-17: 5.7% (Male: 6.2%, Female: 5.0%)
  • 2015-16: 5.8% (Male: 6.2%, Female: 5.2%)
  • 2014-15: 6.0% (Male: 6.4%, Female: 5.3%)
  • 2013-14: 6.8% (Male: 7.5%, Female: 5.8%)
  • 2012-13: 7.0% (Male: 7.8%, Female: 6.0%)
  • 2011-12: 7.1% (Male: 7.9%, Female: 6.1%)
  • 2010-11: 6.6%.

 

9% of people using secondary mental health services are employed

In 2019-20, 9% of adults aged 18-69 in contact with secondary mental health services were known to be in paid employment at the time of their assessment or latest review [Indicator 1F]. This is a an increase of 1% on last year's figures and shows a general upward trend since the NHS investment in IPS services.

The gender breakdown is male 8%, female 11%. Rates varied from 17% in London to 5% in the North West. 

This compares to previous years' figures:

  • 2018-19: 8% (Male: 7%, Female: 10%)
  • 2017-18: 7% (Male: 6%, Female: 9%)
  • 2016-17: 7% (Male: 6%, Female: 9%))
  • 2015-16: 6.7% (Male: 5.5%, Female: 8.0%)
  • 2014-15: 6.8% (Male: 5.6%, Female: 8.3%)
  • 2013-14: 7.0% (Male: 5.8%, Female: 8.5%)
  • 2012-13: 7.7% (Male: 6.5% Female: 8.9%)
  • 2011-12: 8.9% (Male: 7.8% Female: 10.0%)
  • 2010-11: 9.5%

 

The full set of reports is available on the NHS Digital website. Outcome data can be found for each local authority in the spreadsheets below.

Over 65% of people with learning disabilities or severe mental health conditions want to work.

2010-11 was the last year of the NIS indicators and the Social Care and Mental Health indicators were replaced by the Adult Social Care Outcomes Framework for 2011-12 onwards. NI146 and NI150 appear in the new framework as Indicators 1E and 1F, although there are some changes to the definitions.

 

Labour Force Survey

The labour force survey gives estimated employment rates for various disability categories but these are based on fairly small sample sizes. The latest figures are for the 6 months ending June 2020:

  • Depression, bad nerves or anxiety: Employment rate 54.3%
  • Mental illness or other nervous disoreder: Employment rate 33%
  • Severe or specific learning difficulties: Employment rate 26.5%
  • Autism: Employment rate 21.7%

For further information, see https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/healthandsocialcare/disability/datasets/disabilityandemployment