Employment Rates for People with Disabilities 2019/20

Employment Rates for People with Disabilities 2019/20

Only 5.6% of people with a learning disability are in work

The latest statistical information we have for England is for 2019-20. Employment rates have been on a downward trend year on year for adults with a learning disability [Indicator 1E]. The latest figures for 2019-20 show another drop after a brief upturn in 2017-18. 

In 2019-20, 5.6% of adults with learning disabilities aged 18-64 and known to Councils with Adult Social Services Responsibilities (CASSRs) were in paid employment [Indicator 1E].

The gender breakdown is male 6.2%, female 4.8%. Rates varied from 7% in London to 3.6% in the East Midlands.

Rates vary widely between local authorities and a spreadsheet of the disaggregated rates is available for download below. Hounslow has the highest rates at 26.8% though there is increasing concern about the reliability of these figures because of the complex definition. Five local authorities have employment rates of less than 1%.

The definition for Indicator 1E was changed in 2015-16 and now only includes those adults with learning disabilities included in the SALT returns as receiving long-term support because of their learning disability.

The equivalent overall figure for previous years is:

  • 2018-19: 5.9% (Male: 6.4%, Female: 5.2%)
  • 2017-18: 6.0% (Male: 6.6%, Female: 5.2%)
  • 2016-17: 5.7% (Male: 6.2%, Female: 5.0%)
  • 2015-16: 5.8% (Male: 6.2%, Female: 5.2%)
  • 2014-15: 6.0% (Male: 6.4%, Female: 5.3%)
  • 2013-14: 6.8% (Male: 7.5%, Female: 5.8%)
  • 2012-13: 7.0% (Male: 7.8%, Female: 6.0%)
  • 2011-12: 7.1% (Male: 7.9%, Female: 6.1%)
  • 2010-11: 6.6%.

 

9% of people using secondary mental health services are employed

In 2019-20, 9% of adults aged 18-69 in contact with secondary mental health services were known to be in paid employment at the time of their assessment or latest review [Indicator 1F]. This is a an increase of 1% on last year's figures and shows a general upward trend since the NHS investment in IPS services.

The gender breakdown is male 8%, female 11%. Rates varied from 17% in London to 5% in the North West. 

This compares to previous years' figures:

  • 2018-19: 8% (Male: 7%, Female: 10%)
  • 2017-18: 7% (Male: 6%, Female: 9%)
  • 2016-17: 7% (Male: 6%, Female: 9%))
  • 2015-16: 6.7% (Male: 5.5%, Female: 8.0%)
  • 2014-15: 6.8% (Male: 5.6%, Female: 8.3%)
  • 2013-14: 7.0% (Male: 5.8%, Female: 8.5%)
  • 2012-13: 7.7% (Male: 6.5% Female: 8.9%)
  • 2011-12: 8.9% (Male: 7.8% Female: 10.0%)
  • 2010-11: 9.5%

 

The full set of reports is available on the NHS Digital website. Outcome data can be found for each local authority in the spreadsheets below.

Over 65% of people with learning disabilities or severe mental health conditions want to work.

2010-11 was the last year of the NIS indicators and the Social Care and Mental Health indicators were replaced by the Adult Social Care Outcomes Framework for 2011-12 onwards. NI146 and NI150 appear in the new framework as Indicators 1E and 1F, although there are some changes to the definitions.