Supported employment and veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder

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This Amertican research sought to examine whether individual placement and support (IPS) / supported employment is better than a stepwise vocational rehabilitation programme that includes transitional work in helping unemployed veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder become steady workers.

In this randomized clinical trial of 541 adults with post-traumatic stress disorder, the individual placement and support intervention resulted in 38.7% of participants achieving steady employment compared with 23.3% of participants in the transitional work group - a significant difference. In addition, individual placement and support participants earned significantly more income from competitive jobs compared with transitional work participants.

The study concluded that individual placement and support is more successful than transitional work at helping unemployed veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder obtain and sustain competitive employment.